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SWM105 Assessment 3 – Court Report 

  1. Include an introduction that outlines the purpose of the report and what will be covered in the report. Your introduction should also indicate which case you have chosen and your intended outcome for your client. Do not repeat the case in your
    report.
  2. Establish your credential: Indicate who you are, your qualifications, number of years of experience, and how long you have worked with this client.
  3. Provide background information/context to the issue before the court.
  4. Demonstrate your ability to conduct a social work assessment (professional judgement) that considers the legal context. Assess the situation by identifying and discussing the elements of the case you consider important to support your argument
  5. Support your position and argument with relevant social work theories, principles, values, and relevant legislations associated with the issue before the court.
  6. Given your background understanding of the case and your assessment provide possible outcome/interventions/recommendations that could support the clients .
    You can draw on the relevant literature to support your position.

Case Two: A juvenile drug and theft case
A 15-year-old boy has been struggling with drug issues and has attended several rehabilitation programs. This has affected his education. He spends his time mostly in one rehabilitation to the other. In the last 8 months however, he has been mostly home. You have been working with him as his support worker for the 8 months he has been home. On the 25th of June, after you closed from work and left him in the care of the parents, He sneaked out without their knowledge, broke into a neighbour’s home, and made away with cash, jewelleries, and electronic items. He was arrested and arranged before a court. The court has subpoenaed you to provide a written report to help the court in making the right decision.

Solution:

Assessment 3: Court Report

CASE 2: A Juvenile Drug and Theft Case

Introduction

In this report, Case 2 have been considered, which depicts the story of a 15-year-old trying to overcome drug addiction. The report will cover a brief introduction of the case, the background about the issue discussed in the case. The report also focuses on the role of a social worker and the experience of working with this client. This report aims to provide professional judgement concerning the legal aspect in the given case.

As the child was seen sober for a long time, the unusual behaviour left everyone speechless. There have been cases of relapse that frequently occurred in the people who came out from rehabilitation and tried to settle in society. The intended outcome of this report is to provide the client with another chance and also help the court with professional judgment. On the other hand, as a social worker, it becomes the responsibility of the social worker to counselling the child and help him understand that what he did was wrong.

 As there are many cases of drug abuse and substance abuse among youth these days. It is also observed that many of these people fall prey to these abuses again and again. The social worker helps these people to settle in society after coming out of rehabilitation. Social work practice enables and introduces coherent and cohesive approaches to the youth AOD sector. Statistics show Across Australia that there is an increase in young people misusing and abusing substances such as alcohol, tobacco, stimulant, depressant, hallucinogen, illicit and prescribed drugs.

Establishing Credential

I have been working as a social worker for the past two years. I was able to practice in the field of social work after completing my bachelor’s degree in Social Work. I have been working with the client as a support worker for the past 8 months. There were no noticeable changes in the boy’s attitude that would have led him to steal for drugs or any other reasons. The child is a young drug abuser and needs immediate attention as he is still young and if he gets the right path and guidance he can still embrace the change and get onto the right way and grow out of it. As there can be many reasons for a person to choose drug and substance abuse as to recover from trauma or do under some peer pressure, it takes time to become a habit and to break the habit it takes patience and strong goodwill to get out of it (Kataja et al., 2020).

The evidence-based approach shares the impotent of social work frameworks within youth AOD services to reduce substance misuse and based on principles of youth engagement and participation, social justice, partnerships and collaboration, and inclusion. In this report, I have discussed the area of social work, youth AOD (Rap, 2014). Within the youth AOD sector, social workers play an important role and are governed by ethical and regulatory guidelines (Siebert, 2005). These legal requirements are governed by state and Commonwealth government authorities to ensure that professionals work within a social justice and human rights framework. Additionally, social workers are governed at an organisational level by policies and procedures that provide legal and ethical ways to assure acceptable and purposeful service delivery (Johnson, 1955).

Background of the Case

In this case, a 15-year-old drug abuser has visited several programs regarding rehabilitation and is currently home with his family. Being on close watch as a support worker for the past 8 months, the boy was noticed as sober and reasonable on behavioural terms. After being closed on the lookout for this guy, he broke into a neighbour’s house and stole jewellery, cash, and electronic items, which were costly. 

Social workers help people to adjust to society after returning from rehab. Integrated treatment models are important because services have frequently been denied to people who needed them because they had a concurrent diagnosis that the facility did not feel equipped to handle. Hospitals, residential treatment institutions, social service groups, and health clinics all employ mental health and substance abuse social workers. Some move into private practice as psychotherapists or counsellors. They must be able to draw on a diverse set of skills (Rap, 2014). 

Social Work Assessment

According to the situation, the central issue of substance addiction issues does not develop at instant or overnight. Instead, but is rather made up of a series of elements influencing individuals in different methods. Various therapy interventions can assist an individual with addiction. Relapse prevention emerged as a planned response to other therapies’ longer-term treatment failures. The premise of RP is that expecting the effects of a therapy that is intended to reduce or eradicate an unwanted behaviour to last beyond the treatment’s termination is problematic. Furthermore, there are reasons to believe that a problem will resurface when a person returns to the previous environment that prompted and supported the issue behaviour; for example, losing the skills, strategies, and information learned during therapy; and a loss of motivation. A high-risk situation is one in which an individual’s attempt to avoid engaging in a certain behaviour is jeopardised. They frequently appear out of nowhere.

Addicts may also have inflexible support systems due to their personal history or addiction impacting close relationships and family. The help of Clinical counselling and social work assessment provides clients with the means to be and feel heard without judgment from the person and recover at its own pace. There are a variety of policies that are mandated by law to guide agencies in providing suitable and effective services to young people. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, for example, states that every young child has the right to health care (Waterston, 2012). The goal of this Framework is to offer AOD and health professionals a clear vision and set of principles to deal with young people who are struggling with substance abuse. Furthermore, youth are a diverse group who play a variety of tasks and shoulder a variety of obligations (Siebert, 2005). Many frameworks make up the various juvenile groups, such as mental health or criminal behaviour. As a result, a social worker must conduct pertinent bio-psychosocial assessments before making conclusions concerning specific cases.

Relevant Social Work Theories

Social work theories such as classical conditioning and operant conditioning are two relative theories that describe how the person learns from experience and grows from it. The social interactions with the addict that has a significant impact are those of the people we grew up with. This circle of easiness around a person includes family, friends, neighbours, and other significant others that differ from person to person. It is essential to nature for humans to interact and talk as it is said as “Man is a social animal.” Hence, talking with a person who trusts to lean on is vital. It opens up the other one and gives a sense of reliability without being judgmental. While there can be many options for an addict who is in relapse condition, the foremost step that a social worker in this position can undertake is to understand the psychology of the distressed person and let him choose what is right and wrong for his decisions (Kataja et al., 2020). Here are some activity treatments that social workers can engage in for better output.

1. Create or develop a healthy network of peers and family.

2. Monitor and embrace the positive coping skills of the members and peers. 

According to the AASW Code of Ethics (2001), the social worker needs to respect the individual and have self-determination for the person trying to cope with the addiction, listen to them patiently, and provide the individual’s support. The relapse process is also influenced by a variety of less evident elements (AASW, 2022). Lifestyle factors, such as overall stress levels, one’s temperament and personality, as well as cognitive factors, are among the hidden antecedents. These can be used to set you up for a relapse, such as reasoning, denial, or a craving for instant fulfilment. Lifestyle factors have been proposed as the most powerful hidden antecedents of relapse risk. It refers to a person’s ability to strike a balance in his or her life between perceived exterior responsibilities and internally satisfying or joyful pursuits. Urges and appetites triggered by psychological or environmental cues play a vital role as well. Substance misuse and mental illness are significant public health issues. People must be in place to assist folks who are struggling to overcome these obstacles. The services provided by social workers contribute to the ongoing solution to this problem. Clients are given resources, goals, plans, psychosocial assessments, and counselling by social workers. Clients can begin their journey to recovery and stability with the aid of social professionals. Despite the reality that relapse is a common part of addiction rehabilitation, many people who are trying to quit an addiction may feel like they have failed if they relapse. They may give up because they believe stopping is too difficult for them. Even some treatment programmes take a harsh stance against relapsed patients (Phillips et al., 2016). Hence, it can be noted down that the young boy suffering from the same can be given some prevention chance and given mental counselling so that future issues do not occur. As the boy is very young in age, it can be seen as the boy deserves a second chance to grow out of addiction and lead a peaceful and healthy life ahead.

Understanding and Assessment of Case

As this case relates with a young mind and boy who had been sober and has relapsed, it is crucial to understand why. I would like to suggest cognitive behavioural therapy for the addict to overcome the issue and find the cause of relapse. As it is very evident in most drug and substance addicts to relapse, understanding the reasons and building an emphatic relationship with the client will not only help to know what is going on with him but also will create a good relationship among two and create a good healthy habit to share and enable the addict one to be sober and have a good life. As this case is sensitive as it revolves around a young mind who is not intelligent or mature enough to think the right and wrong, the therapist and support groups that will help him embrace change and engage with people will give him an excellent chance to learn to grow (Kataja et al., 2020). In the court of law, it can be seen as theft, but the child who is unaware of the consequences and does the deed is innocent and deserves a chance, at least as he needs time to get lucid. The degree to which an individual feels confident and capable of doing certain behaviours in a specific situational scenario is referred to as elf-efficacy (AASW, 2022). According to the RP model, when a client breaks a habit, he or she feels self-efficacious in dealing with the unpleasant behaviour, and this self-efficacy is based on acquired and practised abilities. Higher self-efficacy ratings were linked to a longer interval between relapses to alcohol use in a prospective study of both men and women being treated for alcohol dependence using the Situational Confidence Questionnaire. Self-efficacy and relapse may have a bidirectional relationship, with those who are more successful reporting higher self-efficacy and those who have lapsed reporting lower self-efficacy. Since its inception three decades ago, the Relapse Prevention (RP) paradigm has been a foundation of addictions theory and therapy. This paper presents a summary and update on RP for addictive behaviours, with an emphasis on recent advancements (2000-2010). Selected empirical data pertinent to the tenets of the RP model are summarised, as are major treatment outcome studies and meta-analyses (Ghitza, 2015). The introduction of a reformulated cognitive-behavioural model of relapse, the use of improved statistical methods to simulate relapse in large randomised trials, and the creation of mindfulness-based relapse prevention are all notable breakthroughs in RP in the recent decade. We also go over the most recent research on genetic predictors of relapse after pharmacological and behavioural therapy (Florentine & Hillhouse, 2003).

References:

AASW. (2022). Code of Ethics – AASW – Australian Association of Social Workers. Aasw.asn.au. Retrieved 24 February 2022, from https://www.aasw.asn.au/practitioner-resources/code-of-ethics.

Florentine, R., & Hillhouse, M. (2003). When Low Self-efficacy is Efficacious: Toward an Addicted-self Model of Cessation of Alcohol- and Drug-dependent Behavior. The American Journal On Addictions12(4), 346-364. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1521-0391.2003.tb00549.x

Ghitza, U. (2015). Needed Relapse-Prevention Research on Novel Framework (ASPIRE Model) for Substance Use Disorders Treatment. Frontiers In Psychiatry6. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2015.00037

Johnson, A. (1955). Educating Professional Social Workers for Ethical Practice. Social Service Review29(2), 125-136. https://doi.org/10.1086/639809

Kataja, K., Lantela, P., & Romakkaniemi, M. (2020). Dimensions of social rehabilitation: A qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis. Journal Of Social Work22(1), 109-129. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468017320979544

Phillips, B., Deiches, J., Morrison, B., & Kaseroff, A. (2016). Social Effectiveness. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin60(1), 16-26. https://doi.org/10.1177/0034355215601073

Rap, S. (2014). The participation of social services in youth justice systems in Europe. European Journal Of Social Work18(5), 675-689. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691457.2014.942725

Siebert, D. (2005). Help Seeking for AOD Misuse among Social Workers: Patterns, Barriers, and Implications. Social Work50(1), 65-75. https://doi.org/10.1093/sw/50.1.65

Waterston, T. (2012). Applying the UN Convention on the rights of the child in clinical practice. Paediatrics And Child Health22(9), 393-395. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paed.2012.04.004

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