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EDEC204 Assessment 2

Task Description:

Reflection Writing (200-400 Words)

Task 1 – Culture Please discuss child-rearing cultural practices that you believe are unique to your country (or family). You can find some examples on page 25 to 30 on this booklet:

Task 2 – Indigenous history Reflect on the Indigenous history of Australia as discussed in class.

Task 3 – Cultural competence Briefly discuss cultural competence.

Task 4 – Learning a second language How did you learn a second language? Is there any play-based way that you were taught a second language? What was easy and what was difficult about learning English?

Task 5 – Benefits of bilingualism Share something that caught your attention in the attached reading, Benefit of Bilingualism


Task 1

The concept of Child Rearing is described as a process that parents are using to build up the socialization habits in their children according to their society, culture and religious beliefs (Saraswathi, T.S.(1999). Culture and Socialisation and Human Development: Theory Research Applications in India. New Delhi: Sage publications). According to John Locke a seventeenth-century philosopher a child’s mind is like an empty plate wherein a parent or parents can present their societal practices to make him/her aware about their society. (Baumrind, D. (1971). Current Patterns of Parental Authority. Developmental Psychology Monographs, 4(1, pt.2), 101-102..)

Basically child rearing is a process that is made attainable by proper planning, formulizing and implementing a proper programme to bring up their child in a manner that can help in developing societal concepts, beliefs, religion, principles about the religious culture they want to have in their child.

In the process of child rearing a child is made to learn social culture, values, religious beliefs, ethnicity about their parents’ ethical and social background.   Child rearing involves the development of moral values, attitudes, beliefs and opinions

India is most diverse country in terms of religions, cultures, caste and creed all over the world. There are different factors like socioeconomic status, castes, social background, education, demographic and geography that vary from one place to another which makes difficult to adopt any singular or specific mode of child rearing practice in India.

In India as per the Hindu culture “Samskara” is the most important cultural belief of every Hindu families in India. According to this an individual is responsible for his own actions and opinions and the consequences of these decides the fate of his/her life. In Hindu culture every stage from birth to death is celebrated and respected and lived as per God’s will. There are 16 major Samskaras followed by Brahmins for all the events like pregnancy, childbirth, education, marriage, and death.  

Task 2

Being rich in cultural diversities Australian continent is full of cultures that are too old since its occurrence. Australia has a past full of violence, oppression and dispossession that has a huge impact on current indigenous Australian population. Aboriginal history plays a very important role in placating cultural roots in the Australian natives. In 2018, Kroff said that reconciliation is the process that involves truth, justice and forgiveness plays a significant role in accepting and understanding our past.  It is very important to consider reconciliation as it will make all Australians and major institutions to think about what was wrongly done in past and it cannot be repeated in future.

It is very important to accept our history as it will provide a decisive route to create reconciliation even when we do not have all the resources to recognize our natives just in case of Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islander Australians as these are recognized as ‘Indigenous peoples’. The Aboriginal people are also called as Super Nomads as they are living since 65000 in the continent and one of the oldest living cultures that consists of various nations, languages and traditions.

As Morris (1992, p. 73) notes, the main reason that led Aboriginal people to massacre of war along with the dispossession of their land and children.

Australians is a societal constructed country though the history of treatment of Indigenous Australians by White Australians will never justify “white national imaginary” (Stephenson 2003, p. 21). According to Australians the relationships between Australian and Non Australians are vital and there is hardly no interaction between them (Reconciliation Australia 2016, p. 8).

Therefore, to promote a more holistic idea of reconciliation in 2001 “Reconciliation Australia” was made. To gain a positive reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians it is required to create relations between the races as equality and equity. It will lead to development of Australia as a strong nation that will more be acceptable and acknowledgeable towards history of indigenous Australians (p. 7)

Task 3

To understand and interact with different cultures is known as cultural competence. To be culturally competent it is necessary to know the value of one’s own culture and also how the world view your cultural values and how they understand and respect it and collaborate in context of cross cultures.

Cultural competence is actually how by valuing diversity a society can be enriched and creative about other cultural moral values.  

In Australia majority of the population belongs to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander traits, as most of them have parents belonging to either of the populations. This is making Australia more diversified in terms of cultural and societal aspects.

Diversity is responsible for creating rich societal influence as it is based on personal knowledge about culture. It is required to provide better methods of motivations and inspirations to make children learned about their cultural diversity and specifications.

United Nations’ has elaborated and emphasized more on children feelings regarding their acceptance, respect and understanding should be treated with great concern and precaution as the feelings regarding any cultural belief could be responsible for creating an image on child’s mind which can create either positive or negative impact on their personal development.

By teaching cultural competency in the children it will provide them: –

  • Provided with knowledge about their cultural values can help child in developing better cultural moral values about their religion.
  • Make them respect other peoples’ cultures, beliefs and opinions.
  • They will be able to recognize cultural differences on global level and can act according to the surrounding.
  • They can know how racism is a bad practice and cannot be practiced at any cost.

Task 4

Learning a second language could land you in better position, job, or even at college. It can be helpful for children to open a whole new band of opportunity. In many universities to qualify at entrance test nowadays it is mandatory to clear English exam. When a child is introduced with a new language at the beginning of their education life especially in KG or LKG classes it will have a better influence in developing them as a better individual.

I have decided to learn English as my second language because during my schooling I found that almost all the subjects were in English. But it was difficult for me to go to some language training school as it was difficult to manage along with school timings and tuitions for my regular subjects. So, I had decided to take help from my English subject teacher and met her. She listened to my problem and told me some of the basic activities to learn English in easy way.

The suggestions made by her: –

  1. Try to learn English words pronunciation by knowing the phonetics of alphabet.
  2. Try to speak in front of mirror while reading
  3. Read newspaper or magazines and learn new words and try to find out its meaning and why that particular word is used at that particular place and can another word be put up in that place that can intimate the same money.
  4. Watch English movies or plays or videos along with subtitles so that you can completely learn its pronunciation along with the expressions it can be used
  5. Play games like crosswords, scrabble or online games with pictures to be identified and fill in the missing words etc.

All these activities I followed and performed on regular basis and it had helped me in improve and developing my communication skill .

During this phase the most difficult part for me to write correct English ie with correct use of grammar and vocabulary as it was bit vast to understand its concept and required huge amount of practice which was difficult to manage during regular hours but I never leave practice even if it was for 10 minutes.

Task 5

After reading this article, I found that this article would be of great help to teachers, learners, counsellors, students and parents as nearly everyone of us is willing to learn English as their second language as is it spoken all over the world or in the majority over the entire globe. Thus, it has become quite essential to develop bilingual skills in children at very early stage in this tough competitive world.   While going through this article I have observed that the author has emphasized on developing of bilingual skills at early stages of child development can be more influential rather than learning it at older stages.

The article whole heartedly described how being a bilingual individual can be beneficial for his/her academic, professional and personal life.

The best part of this article that caught my personal attention that how by scientific explanation the author has cleared the myth about bilingualism. Not only this but also this article has emphasized the importance of bilingual for an individual.  It is observed that being bilinguistic you have better academic approach, better opportunities and most importantly best communication skills. This article has successfully elaborated how a bilingualism will not only help students but also teachers, parents, counselors can also be benefitted and can get free from any confusing myth about bilingualism. This article has provided sufficient amount of evidence about how myth can be separated on the basis of scientific explanation about bilingualism.

Reference List

  1. Aboriginal Cultural Competence Framework. Victoria Aboriginal Child Care Agency 2008, 39
  2. Baumrind, D. (1971). Current Patterns of Parental Authority. Developmental Psychology Monographs, 4(1, pt.2), 101-102..
  3. EYLF in Action, AISWA 2011, 69
  4. EYLF in Action AISWA 2011, 70 10
  5. EYLF Educators guide 2010, page 25 11
  6. EYLF 2009, 20, FSAC 2011 12
  7. EYLF in Action AISWA 2011, 71
  8. EYLF in Action AISWA 2011, 71
  9. Taylor, T. 2016, ‘Australia’s ‘history wars’ reignite’, 31 March, The Conversation, viewed 6 June 2018

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