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92471 Assessment 3 Critical Synopsis of Media Item 2021

Solution:

Introduction:

The report has been collected from the ABC news related to the “Loneliness contributing to Depression among the elderly Australians.”

ABC News contributed to this media report. This news story discusses the depression that older adults in nursing homes face and how to solve it. This article will concentrate on analyzing the news and determining the author’s point of view. The author’s argument is examined using a recent journal paper. A few issues in the news article that were left unanswered will be discussed.

Loneliness is not just about the accessibility or incidence of public communications; instead, it is an inconsistency in what a human being perceives as their present situation relative to their desired combination of the frequency and quality of their interactions. (Kung et al., 2021) Therefore, elderly citizens need proper care by aged care workers to look up to their wellbeing and make them stable.

Summary of media item:

According to a media report journal, dated September 2018, the unaccompanied aged people living in Australia are contributing to an increase in the number of cases of lonesomeness which in a way affects them mentally, growing a feeling of hopelessness and depression at a certain point in time (Berk et al., 2020). Usually, elderly couples do not have a strong socially active group. Therefore, the sudden demise of one partner due to some health issues affects another person, making them lonely and with shattered routines and empty days (Henderson et al., 2017). Their relationship with other family members gets disconnected, and there is nobody to talk to. This gradually leads to a suicidal tendency.

Therefore, the author argues that some ministers should look to this matter of loneliness so that aged people do not feel helpless (Stargatt et al., 2017). Officials should start a survey to note who does not have company, and they can drop by and say some sweet words to cheer them up. They can also encourage them to join yoga sessions or daily exercise to keep them fit and mentally healthy. Little by little, they will understand this and make a wide circle of friends, and thus, they would become mentally, physically, and emotionally stable.

A review of the aged care literature:

Loneliness is, at present, a progressively more worldwide trouble. It has been recommended that loneliness is escalating, driven by additional people living on their own, longer, and with chronic physical conditions. They are usually affecting older adults making them spiritually and physically unbalanced.

Aged people are at amplified risk for suffering from cases like loneliness, social isolation, and depression. The primary explanation for the rising instances of these problems in older adults is that they live unaccompanied, sudden loss of a family member or friends, chronic illness, and some loss of hearing. Social isolation can often lead to lonesomeness affecting emotional and physical steadiness. Early deaths of aged adults are significantly due to these loneliness problems. They have nobody to talk to or share their problems. Even their essential works like doing grocery shopping or doing bank works seem to get hindered and distorted. This causes a 50% increased risk of dementia in such people leading to complicated disorders, be it physiologically or psychologically.

Reduced social relationships (portrayed by communal seclusion or aloneness) were linked with a 29% greater than before risk of heart disease and a 32% increased risk of stroke. Loneliness was coupled with advanced rates of depression, anxiety, and suicidal tendencies. Being alone in some adults leads to an increased risk of hospitalization and a 57% increased risk of emergency department visits. Therefore, they start getting frustrated and feel despair (Steed et al., 2016).

According to the media report, there are no comprehensible strategies to battle the social troubles that older people are facing to date. Federal Aged Care Minister is appointed first to take care of them and reach out to them in any emergencies (Berk et al., 2020). They can help them out with daily chores like getting haircuts to a nearby salon or accompanying them to a medical appointment and going to the banks with them to help them do their work. Now and then, taking them to a café to brighten up their day and keep them positive.

 Older Australians are listening to the advice of the concerned officials and are finding ways to prevent loneliness before it’s too late. They are joining yoga sessions and doing a bit of exercise daily (Berk et al., 2020). They sometimes visit a nearby cooking program, craft, and card-playing (Stargatt et al., 2017). Meeting new people and making a new circle of friends will also help them boost their confidence, and they will not feel lonely any longer (Henderson et al., 2017).

Older adults are more susceptible to loneliness because of the alteration related to aging. As such, recognizing older adults is habitually seen as trouble, pessimistically impacting self‐esteem, a sense of purpose and significance, terminating in loneliness. Interventions fighting loneliness can target persons, relations, associations, or communities. There should be a straightforward approach to hold up hale and hearty aging and decrease loneliness. This will necessitate additional investigations to assess novel approaches with loneliness as the chief conclusion and additional financial support to interpret evidence into an incorporated multi‐level approach to deal with loneliness (Ogrin et al., 2021).

Knowledge gaps identified from literature review

After reviewing the media source, it’s been found that the Australian Bureau of Statistics, after undergoing several investigations, reported that older males around the age of 85 years have a higher rate of suicidal tendencies in Australia.

Governments are already struggling to accommodate an exploding population, and there is no concrete plan in place to address the social issues that older people are now confronted with (McCabe et al., 2017).

The Federal Government’s Home Care packages can be enabled for the seniors. The registration process of the association is highly recommendable for people who attain the age of 65 years (Henderson et al., 2017).

According to the media source, it’s been reported too about some specific senior programs full of support and fun. The program can also alter the lives of older adults in Australia, distancing them from the loneliness and depressing factors.

Implications for the older person 

Aged care can be implemented, and the established or budding nurses can successfully achieve this. Older adults can be instilled with the significance of socialization.

To overcome the depression and loneliness of the senior patients after they lose their beloved ones or after getting alone at some point in their lives, they can initially start to socialize with people and make friends who will be effectively closer to their family. This may act as a life-supporter in the later phase of their life. They will be able to involve themselves with the friends’ circle in their later phase, reducing their loneliness factors (McCabe et al., 2017).

It’s the duty of the aged care nurses. They will be responsible for educating them about the necessity of the social programs to involve themselves with some practical activities and reduce their feeling of estrangement (Berk et al., 2020). The seniors must be treated with compassion and fortitude to fetch them towards the senior programs across different communities, which will help them to socialize and make several bonds with different people affectionately.

The intervention mentioned above can be considered adequate to develop and establish the wellbeing of aged people (Xerri et al., 2019).

Importance to New Graduate Nurse

The emphasis on intensive nursing home treatment was moved into the community with the advent of the Home and Community Care initiative in the 1980s, which included various services such as home-help, home nursing services, and home and center-based respite care.

The aged care nurses record anything that happens during a shift. This entails keeping track of the patients they’ve seen, how they appear, their temperature reading, and all the other activities they perform each day.

Aged care nurses also handle admissions. When a new patient arrives at the nursing home, the nurse will take care of the paperwork, lead them to their room, and assist them in settling in (Reeve et al., 2019).

During their day, aged care nurses perform a wide range of tasks. They look after the tenants and deal with the paperwork and deal with any issues that arise during their shift. If one is sympathetic to the needs of the elderly, being an aged care nurse can be a good career choice (Xerri et al., 2019).

These details are self-explanatory to infer the significance of knowledge that influences the future of nursing practice to become a New Graduate Nurse.

Conclusion

A significant obligation of a health care professional is to provide companionship to older adults in nursing homes. They should have person-centered treatment and respect the elderly. Furthermore, they can use different forms of technology to assist older people in maintaining contact with their families. Since depression can lead to various physical and psychological issues, it is essential for older people to feel at ease and content in their surroundings.

It can be concluded from the above report that the improvement of the elderly care association needs quality officials as well as a good administration for the protection and betterment of the older adults. The aged-care providers must obtain effective techniques and skills to support the specific environment and data association excellence development program scheme (Khadka et al., 2019). The patients’ deliberations for their wellness maintenance and adjustments for living arrangements are consistent throughout the care course (Reeve et al., 2019).   Furthermore, achieving continuity between preserving the health and treatment protocol and the patient’s speed in the decision-making procedure contributes to a higher degree of applicable wellbeing in layer with the patient’s appreciations and objectives. The assessments and findings of the respective individuals regarding their care can efficiently be conducted and implemented by the new graduate nurses (Khadka et al., 2019).

Reference

  1. Berk, M., Woods, R. L., Nelson, M. R., Shah, R. C., Reid, C. M., Storey, E., … & McNeil, J. J. (2020). Effect of aspirin vs. placebo on preventing depression in older people: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry77(10), 1012-1020.
  2. Khadka, J., Lang, C., Ratcliffe, J., Corlis, M., Wesselingh, S., Whitehead, C., & Inacio, M. (2019). Trends in the utilization of aged care services in Australia, 2008-2016. BMC geriatrics, 19(1), 1-9.
  3. Reeve, E., Low, L. F., & Hilmer, S. N. (2019). Attitudes of older adults and caregivers in Australia toward deprescribing. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 67(6), 1204-1210.
  4. Henderson, J., Willis, E., Xiao, L., & Blackman, I. (2017). Missed care in residential aged care in Australia: an exploratory study. Collegian24(5).
  5. Eagar, K., Gordon, R., Snoek, M. F., Loggie, C., Westera, A., Samsa, P. D., & Kobel, C. (2020). The Australian National Aged Care Classification (AN‐ACC): a new case-mix classification for residential aged care. Medical Journal of Australia213(8).
  6. Stargatt, J., Bhar, S. S., Davison, T. E., Pachana, N. A., Mitchell, L., Koder, D., … & Helmes, E. (2017). The availability of psychological services for aged care residents in Australia: A survey of facility staff. Australian Psychologist52(6), 406-413.
  7. McCabe, M. P., Mellor, D., Karantzas, G., Von Treuer, K., Davison, T. E., & O’Connor, D. (2017). Organizational factors related to workers’ confidence in working with residents with dementia or depression in aged care facilities. Aging & mental health21(5), 487-493.
  8. Xerri, M., Brunetto, Y., & Farr‐Wharton, B. (2019). Support for aged care workers and quality care in Australia: A case of contract failure?. Australian Journal of Public Administration78(4), 546-561.
  9. Kung, C. S., Kunz, J. S., & Shields, M. A. (2021). Economic Aspects of Loneliness in Australia. Australian Economic Review54(1).
  10. Steed, L., Boldy, D., Grenade, L., & Iredell, H. (2016). The demographics of loneliness among older people in Perth, Western Australia. Australasian Journal on Ageing26(2).
  11. Ogrin, R., Cuarto, E. V., Harrington, K. D., Haslam, C., Lim, M. H., Golenko, X., … & Lowthian, J. A. (2021). Loneliness in Older Age: What is it, why is it happening, and what should we do about it in Australia?. Australasian Journal on Ageing.

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